Recently, OpenAI’s co-founder Greg Brockman gave a talk at a TED event where he discussed the design principles and new features of the latest version of their chatbot, ChatGPT-4. The presentation left many people amazed as Brockman showcased some unreleased plug-ins for ChatGPT-4, which can take advantage of OpenAI’s GPT-4 language model to generate natural and engaging conversations.
One of the key features of ChatGPT-4 is its ability to handle multimodal inputs. It can process both text and image inputs and produce text outputs that are relevant to the user’s intent and the context. Additionally, ChatGPT-4 can fine-tune a dataset to match the user’s needs, learning from the user’s feedback and preferences to adjust its responses accordingly.
Its advanced reasoning capabilities also make it better at solving complex problems with greater accuracy, thanks to its broad general knowledge and problem-solving abilities.
Furthermore, ChatGPT-4’s creative and collaborative capabilities have been enhanced. It can generate, edit, and iterate with users on creative and technical writing tasks, such as composing songs, writing screenplays, or learning a user’s writing style. This feature can revolutionize the way people work and collaborate with AI technology.
During the presentation, Brockman also demonstrated how ChatGPT-4 can analyze and convert tranches of spreadsheet data into meaningful information using graphs and other tools. The AI can differentiate and analyze data from each column of the spreadsheet, making it easier for users to understand and work with the data.
How ChatGPT handles spreadsheets?
In his TED Talk speech, Greg Brockman highlighted the powerful abilities of ChatGPT to analyze spreadsheets. According to Brockman, ChatGPT can analyze spreadsheets in a way that is similar to how a data scientist would, by giving it access to a Python interpreter. The AI can then run code and answer questions about the data set.
One of the examples Brockman uses is a spreadsheet containing data on AI papers in the archive for the past 30 years, which has around 167,000 entries. The data includes the name of the paper, the authors, and the year it was published, among other information. Brockman notes that with ChatGPT, users can now ask more complex questions and get better insights.
One of the key features of ChatGPT is its ability to infer meaning from the data set. For example, the AI can understand that the archive is a site where people submit papers and therefore can infer that the columns in the spreadsheet relate to things like paper titles and authors.
This semantic information is not explicitly stated in the data set, but ChatGPT is able to put together its world knowledge to make these inferences.
Brockman notes that one of the benefits of ChatGPT is that users don’t need to know what questions to ask. They can simply ask the AI to make exploratory graphs, and the AI will infer what the user might be interested in seeing. For example, ChatGPT might suggest making a histogram of the number of authors per paper, a time series of papers per year, or a word cloud of paper titles. Users can then inspect these graphs and gain insights into the data set.
ChatGPT used Python code to create histograms from the spreadsheet. The histogram represented the distribution of the number of authors per paper, and it showed that three authors were the most common. ChatGPT also created a time series plot of papers per year, which showed an exponential increase in the number of papers until 2023, when there was a sudden drop-off. Brockman asked ChatGPT to make a fair projection of the papers for 2023 based on the papers posted by April 13.
ChatGPT then used Python code to create a projection of the papers for 2023 based on the papers posted by April 13. This demonstrates the power of ChatGPT to handle complex questions.
In response to Brockman’s request, ChatGPT suggests making a fair projection of the number of papers for 2023 based on the data available up until April 13th. This is an ambitious request, but Brockman notes that it demonstrates the power of ChatGPT to handle complex questions.
Another key feature of ChatGPT is that users can inspect the Python code that the AI generates to answer their questions. This allows users to see exactly how the AI is making inferences and generating insights from the data set.
A revolution in data analysis and usage of spreadsheets
The features of ChatGPT 4 demonstrated in the TED Talk have significant potential to revolutionize the way we approach data analysis on spreadsheets. By allowing users to ask high-level questions in natural language, ChatGPT 4 reduces the need for users to have a deep understanding of programming languages or data analysis techniques.
This democratizes data analysis, making it accessible to a wider range of people, including those without formal training in data science.
Additionally, ChatGPT 4’s ability to infer meaning from the data allows for more efficient analysis. Instead of spending time manually categorizing and labeling data, users can rely on AI to do this work for them.
Finally, the ability to generate visualizations and projections from the data in response to high-level questions reduces the need for users to have a deep understanding of data visualization or statistics. This makes it easier for non-experts to identify patterns and trends in the data and draw meaningful conclusions.