People, today, can own two types of assets – physical and virtual. For most, physical assets are solid and logical items, like land, houses, autos, furniture etc.
By contrast, financial assets comprise of a claim on the physical assets. Unlike physical assets, financial assets are useless all alone, however can without much of a stretch be exchanged for useful things. This liquidity and exchangeability makes them attractive despite their abstract form.
Contingent upon who you ask, the total value from the world’s financial assets is approximately $250 to $300 trillion, or a normal of $35-40k per person alive.
Quite a bit of this aggregate is tied up in bonds – that is, money lent to people, companies and governments. The majority part of the rest comprises of shares in public companies, spread over in stock exchanges around world. Investors have plenty of choices.
Nonetheless, all financial assets have something in common – their value relies upon the good behavior of a third party. Aside from a couple of other assets, they can’t be transferred or exchanged without a trusted intermediate.
These attributes create an unease for these assets’ owners, and that inclination picks up assurance amid periods of financial instability. If the basic role of wealth is to make people feel safe despite political or personal squalls, and the wealth itself is at risk from such a tempest, at that point it’s failing to carry out its job.
Gold Vs Bitcoin
Along these lines, it’s normal for people to seek money-like assets which don’t rely upon the good behavior of a third party. This drive underlies the amusingly-named gold bugs – people who hold an impressive part of their assets in physical gold.
Gold has been perceived as important by humans since ages, so it’s sensible to assume that this will continue. The value of gold can’t be undermined by governments, who frequently capitulate to the temptation to print more of their own currency.
Furthermore, as in medieval periods, gold can be immediately utilized for transactions without a third party’s assistance or endorsement.
Despite these qualities, gold is far from ideal. It’s expensive to store, heavy to transport, and must be given over through an in-person interaction.
In the information age, doubtlessly, we’d favor an asset which is decentralized like gold however is stored digitally instead of physically, and can be sent over the world in seconds without any redundancies.
What’s the Fuss About
Not many technologies can blend an online debate and puzzle the majority of the population. The virtual currency has been on a steady growth from past 5 years.
Be that as it may, interest in bitcoin is presently more prominent than any time in recent memory. Its value has more than doubled, this year, achieving untouched highs and turning a few people who invested huge sums early into millionaires.
It’s the celebrated cryptocurrency that has become all the hype off late and made some lucky early adopters wealthy, to the course of being millionaires.
How Bitcoin Works
Every person has a bitcoin address that others can send any amount of Bitcoin to, from their own address. Whenever Bitcoin is transferred from one address to another, it is known as a transaction, much like the one you make at the supermarket. You hand over $2, and they give you your candy bar.
Related Read: Indian Bitcoin Startups – Get To Know The Disruptors!
Transactions in Bitcoin
For instance: If Maira has 10 BTC (Bitcoins) and want to send Ron 5 BTC (Ron currently has 2 Bitcoins), the transaction would look something like this
Source Address (Maira): DIjcoemQOjP03IRE
Destination Address (Ron): bcocjwo40ojlcmw02e
Transaction Amount: 5 BTC
Now Maira has 5 bitcoins while Ron has 7 bitcoins. If you look closely at the format, there are three keys involved here:
- Source Address
- Destination Address and
- Transaction Amount
These transactions can be grouped into blocks (these blocks are nothing but a group of transactions). But how will you separate Ron and Maira’s transaction from John to Hick, if they’re on the same block? This requires understanding of hash codes.
Understanding ‘Hash Codes’
In the abstract, a hash function is a scientific procedure that takes input data of any size, performs an operation on it, and returns output data of a fixed size.
Each input will have a different hash, for example ‘Sam’ will have a different hash code than ‘sam’. To monitor who can spend what sum, everyone in the Bitcoin network keeps a record of all transactions that have ever happened.
If Ron has 7 Bitcoins everyone on the network can see that bcocjwo40ojlcmw02e has 7 BTC (5 BTC from DIjcoemQOjP03IRE) and will only be permitted to spend a maximum of 7 BTC. The transaction history is for anyone to find in the network and verify.
Since each block contains a gathering of transactions and the hash of the block before it, anyone can verify its authenticity and its relationship to the block before it (You can’t swindle). This is BLOCKCHAIN!
Related Read: What Is This Blockchain Thing?
As an Investor, I Think…
We’ve seen crest hype cycle for blockchain, not Bitcoin. The pendulum is swinging back to the value of open, distributed networks like Bitcoin. In the early 90s, as the internet was coming online, would you have imagined a platform like Wikipedia.
If the internet had been closed and private and overseen by substantial companies, I don’t think they would have had the innovation or the ability to concoct those administrations on that innovation.
It was simply because the internet was open — anyone could advance and expand over it — that drove us to making such an important innovation, to the point that we depend on it daily. I think we’ll witness the same with Bitcoin and Ethereum and emerging blockchains that we haven’t considered.
(Disclaimer: This is a guest post submitted on Techstory by the mentioned authors. All the contents and images in the article have been provided to Techstory by the authors of the article. Techstory is not responsible or liable for any content in this article.)
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